What are Front Panel Connectors?

Front panel connectors are used in power supply units. A power supply unit helps with providing a stable voltage to electronic equipment. Front panel connectors have a cylindrical shape, and each has a specific purpose.

Some leads can provide power from the main cables to different components, switches that turn the power off and on, and sense cables for voltage measurements.

Front panel connectors on motherboards allow for easy and seamless connections with the PC case. These cables come from inside your computer, so if you want them to look new again, it’s best not just leave them sitting there.

What are Front Panel Connectors

The Front Panel Connectors (front panel header) or FPanel is a block of connectors on your motherboard that control power for devices such as fans, power reset, LEDs, power on, beep code speaker switches, and ports on your PC case/chassis.

Front panel connectors are the most common way for computers to communicate with each other. They allow you to access hardware settings and control panels without having to open up your computer case, which would void any warranty if done improperly.

Front Panel Connectors are an essential part of any PC build. They serve a specific function and can be found on the PCB for connectors such as power, reset/switch, etc., all neatly tucked behind clear plastic covers that keep their purpose safe from curious eyes until you’re ready to connect them up.

Choosing a case with a front panel connector can help you streamline your system’s design and install, by having connectivity options on the inside of the chassis rather than hidden away behind your motherboard.

The primary purpose of these cables is to provide simple access to internal computer hardware without opening up the PC case. They also offer a way for users to clean out dust from inside their PC.

What are Front Panel Connectors
Front Panel Connectors

As mentioned earlier, there are different primary functions that almost All Front Panel Headers have and different types of front panel connectors, which you can find on PCs

  • Power Switch Pins – Turns the entire computer on and off. Other pins can control individual drives and devices. Power Switch – This pin is where you will connect your power switch to allow users to turn their PC on and off quickly.
  • Reset Switch Pins – Resets the BIOS, dual-purpose push-button that allows for a cold-boot or warm reboot. 
  • Reset Switch – Resets the BIOS, dual-purpose push-button that allows for a cold-boot or warm reboot. 
  • LED Headers – These pin headers allow you to connect LEDs to monitor the status of components such as power and hard disk drives. 
  • Headphone Jack Pins – Allows the connection of audio ports such as headphones, the mic on front panel audio ports, and back audio ports. 
  • Serial Headers – Provides two standard serial port connections and one mini-serial port connection. 
  • IDE Connector Pins– These pins provide access to internal hard disk drives while ensuring data is not lost during power outages or malfunctions. 
  • IDE Connector – This connector provides internal hard disk drives while ensuring data is not lost during power outages or malfunctions.
  • PS/2 Connectors – These connectors provide the connection of the keyboard and mouse to the motherboard.
  • Speaker Header Pins – Provides user’s connection to PC speaker for basic system information.
  • Speaker Header – Provides user’s connection to PC speaker for basic system information.
  • Molex Connector – This connector is used to share power with add-on peripherals such as hard drives and CD/DVD ROMs; If you have a dedicated graphics card in your PC, it’s recommended that you don’t connect these connectors.

What do Front Panel Connectors Look Like

What do Front Panel Connectors Look Like
What do Front Panel Connectors Look Like

To see your front Panel Headers, you must take off the plastic or metal case covering them. This will reveal a series of pins that allow you to connect certain pieces of hardware to your motherboard.

You will find many connectors in most cases, but not all of them will be as important as others. For example, there is an LED connector, which can be helpful for people who like to keep their computer brightly lit up.

There is a “speaker” connector, which allows you to connect a speaker to your case. You can then hear beeps and boops as your computer starts up.

There may be a reset button, which resets the BIOS (a program that comes with your computer and is important for booting it up.)

How to Choose a Case With a Front Panel Connector

When you choose to go with a case that has front panel connectors, it can be more expensive than getting one without them.

They usually come with the convenience of having a power button and reset switch on the outside of the case, but you typically have to buy these separately.

So be sure to budget a little more money if you plan on going with a case that has this feature.

What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Front Panel Connectors?

The main advantage of having a front panel connector is having your computer’s components with the power button and reset switch on the outside of the case. This makes it easier to turn your computer on and off and reset it without opening up the case.

The only disadvantage I can see from having front panel connectors is the cost when buying your case.

How to Locate the Front Panel Connectors?

To find the front panel headers, you should look for them on your motherboard. If you can’t locate where they are located, check your motherboard’s manual.

You can use the two methods to locate the front panel connectors:

  • Use the Motherboard Manual
  • Read the Labels Physically that is mentioned On the Motherboard

1. Using The Motherboard Manual

You can find the front panel header by looking in the motherboard manual. Most manuals will tell you what pins are for what, so it should be easy to understand if you read them carefully.

For instance, the following image shows just how easy it is to find your Front Panel Connectors on a motherboard. I have Gigabyte GA P67A UD3, and their location was precise for me right away:

Using The Motherboard Manual

Another important thing to note is that the Front Panel Connectors may be called the “front panel header on some motherboards.” They essentially do exactly what their names suggest.

2. By Reading the Labels Physically, that is mentioned On the Motherboard.

Start by finding the pin headers of the motherboard on its circuit board. A lot of motherboards have a label that tells users where they are located.

If not, look at your motherboard diagram instead for information about what pins are for single-purpose devices or power switches/reset buttons/LEDs, etc.

The Front Panel Connectors are the wires that connect to your computer’s front panel. The label “F_Panel” denotes this connection. For instance, on my motherboard, it says “FP-628“.

What are Front Panel Connectors?

What Are the Different Types of Front Panel Connectors?

There are lots of different types of connectors that come with your computer case. There is an LED header, which can be helpful if you like keeping your computer’s status lights bright to show if it’s on or off.

A speaker connector allows for essential feedback from your computer, such as beeping and popping sounds during startup.

There may even be a reset button that can reset your BIOS (a program that comes with your computer and allows it to boot up.

How to Know Which Pins to Use for What on?

Also read: Why Motherboard Is Important? [Complete Details]

Again there are two ways to figure this out. You can look at your motherboard manual, or you can look at the actual board itself. 

Before you start connecting wires to pins, ensure that you know which one is for power and which ones are for ground. This way, if something goes wrong on your pin connector, you will be aware of what’s happening and won’t fry your motherboard by accident.

Below are the image that shows the labels of indicating the function of pins on my F_Panel.

What are Front Panel Connectors labelled
What are Front Panel Connectors labelled

Below mage shows that the same pins but the motherboard’s is on manual:

front panel header connectors labels manual
front panel header connectors labels manual

It’s essential to consult your motherboard as to what the physical labels indicate because, in some instances, such as with my device shown above, there can be some unique connectors that will confuse you.

Here are some features that my pin connectors have:

  • + MSG – Message LED (Power/Sleep LED/Message/ Yellow/Purple LED) – Indicates the PC’s power status.
  • + CL – Chassis Intrusion Header (Gray LED) – The sensor will detect if your PC case cover has been removed. The only problem is that it requires a specific type of computer chassis to work, so this may not be an option for everyone.

Make sure you connect the cables from your PC case to their respective pins. On my FPanel, I connected two wires that would go into the Power Switch button for this purpose (the image below shows where they are).

What to Prepare Before Making a Front Panel Connector?

It would be best if you could prepared a front panel connector cable before making one yourself. All it takes are some thin gauge wires cut cleanly in half with the ends stripped, so they are easier to connect to the headers/pin connectors on your motherboard or case.

Also read: Best Motherboards for Ryzen 5 3600

Front Panel Power Connectors Can Be Used to Jump the Motherboard

The Front Panel Connectors are an important part of the system because they allow you to jump-start your PC when there isn’t enough power coming from the wall.

If you lay both pins down on top of each other, this will cause a circuit which pushes electricity through into all parts inside and start up our machine.

Best Front Panel Connectors Accessories

front Panel Connectors accessories
SoundOriginal PC Motherboard Internal Speaker

Motherboard Mini Speaker Mini Beep Alarm Speaker

Best Budget Mini Speakers


The Front Panel Connectors may seem trivial at first, but they are an integral part of your system and can be used to connect the motherboard. They also offer multiple functions such as power on/off for case buttons with which you will want more clarity in order not make any mistakes when connecting them correctly.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is front panel connectors?

Front panel connectors are a series of pins located on the motherboard or case that allow users to connect devices directly to the motherboard or case. This includes things like the power button, reset button, LEDs, and speaker.

What do I need to prepare before making a front panel connector cable?

In order to make a custom front panel connector cable you will need some thin gauge wires that have been cut cleanly in half with the ends stripped. You will also need male-male IDE cables and wires coming off of your hard drive enclosure (IDE).

How do I make a custom front panel connector cable?

The process of making a custom front panel connector cable is straightforward but tricky. Essentially, you will be wiring together a female-female IDE cable using the thin gauge wires and male-male IDE cables. Once this is done, you will then need to attach the wires that come off of your hard drive enclosure (IDE) to any one of the three spaces at random on your motherboard.

What is the front panel connector called??

The front panel connector is most commonly known as the “I/O shield.” This is because it shields your computer’s motherboard from harmful electrical currents. It also helps to protect any attached devices from being short circuited.

How do you identify a front panel connector?

The easiest way to identify a front panel connector is by its location on the motherboard. They are typically found near the power button, reset button, and LEDs. If you are having trouble locating them, consult your motherboard’s manual. Another way to identify a front panel connector is by its shape. Most front panel connectors are rectangular in shape with pins

What are the parts of front panel connectors??

Front panel connectors are separated into two parts: motherboard, and case. If you are working on a custom front panel connector cable, the front panel of your computer will be using the pins located on the motherboard of your computer.

The only exception to this is if your computer does not have an I/O shield built-in (in which case, you would have to use the pins located on the backside of your computer’s motherboard). The case side of front panel connectors typically contain the power button, reset button, HDD LED, and speaker.